10. Investigator - INFJ (The Counselor) - Really wants to be a good person and usually is. I’m determined to find out what’s causing thisWe are always careful to emphasise to the cohort that this measures behaviour. It can be useful in assessing stress, correct imposition (communication), energy and preferences. It does not measure a person's values, aptitude, honesty, intelligence, sexuality, gender preference, personality (nice or not) nor whether they have any mental health issues, are addicted, consider themselves discriminated against or have been brainwashed. Conducted and composed by Elizabeth Hunter™ - Last Update May 28, 2020
Statistics and Overview
Investigator outline in pdf: Click here
Approx. Population US: - 1.0% - 16/16 - M:0.5% - F:1.5%.
Other Profiles: MYERS BRIGGS (MBTI) - INFJ - The Counselor Introvert, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging. KIERSEY - Idealist - Counselor. iPERSONIC - Harmony-seeking Idealist. Other - Confidant, Paladin.
Career: Professor , teacher, counselor, educational consultant, clergy, nun, director of religious education. social worker, social scientist, mediator, human services, marketing, job analyst, novelist, designer or artist.
Key like: A good gluten-free, vegan meal or just good food if not a Social Justice Warrior.
Key hate: Darkness; Those who make them feel like they can never be good enough.
Key factors: Tactless.
Key propensity: To appear extremely private.
Smarts: Wise smart. People smart.
Missing in their lives: Contentedness.
Rankings: How organised ranking: 8/16. How dominant ranking: 9/16. How submissive ranking: 8/16.
Twosome Descripta™ - Perfectionistic humanitarian.
Augmentation: An intense, perceptive nature is simultaneously scary and enticing. Rare snowflakes who are wildly unlike any other type and are incredibly difficult to understand. Natural counselors of the world, who want nothing more than to care for and nurture you.
Point of Characta™ - Values.
1. Passionate about ideas and dreams.
2. Warm, caring and approachable.
3. Tactful (occasionally), helpful, sensible and cautious.
4. Can read and understand other people.
5. Trusts gut feelings.
6. Likes organising and creating systems.
7. Visionary who tries to make sense of life.
Pos Traits Description: The Investigator has a surprising ability to look ahead and foresee likely future outcomes. While they are not "psychic" per se, their unique blend of mental processes gives them a gift for seeing future implications, effects and most likely realities. Their tendency to try to peer "behind the scenes" of everything going on in the world makes them skilled in the art of de-coding the mysterious things that many other types tend to ignore. Mature Investigators also have a unique ability to "absorb" the feelings of other people, resulting in an incredible amount of empathy and emotional awareness.
1. Too quiet.
3. Highly sensitive.
4. Burn out easily.
5. Believe that there might be better options down the road.
6. Extremely private.
7. Need to have a cause.
What you need to stop doing: Being oversensitive to any criticism.
Nicknames: Mr. Reflective. Mr. Stubborn-Opinionated. Hummingbird. Mineral Water. Advocate. Messiah. Greyhound. [Activist]
Own Brand Fascination:Trust - Build relationships through dependability. With Mystique as Secondary, The Anchor - Protective, Purposeful, Analytical.
Surˌprise, surˈprise - you should not be surprised about these sorts of behaviour! The very fact that they always maintain a capacity to surprise you will surprise you. Investigators always seem to have more depth.
Pidgeonholed v. The Real World
P: Mysterious and tricky to get to know, 'more' unique than anyone you have ever met.
R: One way or another embarrass themselves every day, somehow, consistently. They lose track of people’s feelings when they pursue their goals.
As a leader - Determined
Augmentation: Becomes so set on their values that they rush into decisions or opinions without consulting any other outside ideas, information, or wisdom.
Dogma - Blind Faith: I think this is important!
Focus: Treats people with respect.
As a negotiator:
Style - Tend to Compromise.
Result - Tend to be they win some and lose some.
Outcome - Unsatisfactory.
Examples: ABRAHAM. Jimmy Carter. Adolph Hitler. Sir Alec Guinness.
At work & comparing with social
Worst workplace to be in: If it's run as a workplace that exploits honest customers in order to make money and treats its employees like replaceable commodities.
Compared to social: Scale 1 - 8. 1&2 Excellent; 3&4 Good; 5&6 Fair; 6&7 Poor.
High S with High D: Work: 1. Social: 6.
High S with High I: Work: 1. Social: 5.
High S with High S: Work: 3. Social: 1.
High S with High C: Work: 2. Social: 1.5.
At the job souk: Psychologist / Psychiatrist; Clergy; Novelist / Playwright; HR; English, Drama Teacher; Educational Consultant; Social Worker; Mediator; Speech Pathologist.
Jobs and tasks: Empowering others. Encouraging others to grow and develop; Creating programs that enrich others; Motivating and inspiring others; Focusing on personal meaning and self-expression; Motivating others to use information for their own benefit; Solving new and complex problems that will benefit the future of humanity; Changing the way people do things; Helping others resolve conflict; Mentoring; Designing projects; Focusing on performing.
Promptness: On time. Often hates being late to anything and might feel it is rude or inconsiderate. Want to make positive impression. Understands if there is a legitimate reason for being late, but dislikes if it is done purely out of flakiness. Likely be on time or even early for work and specific events that are important to them or those closest to them. Loathe when people make others wait for them.
Fulfilling Commitments: The Investigator takes their commitments very seriously and have a hard time turning their back once they have made a decision. They do take a long time to fully commit to something and prefer to think it over beforehand. Once the Investigator has decided to make that commitment though, they definitely remain committed. They dislike feeling like they have failed anyone and will hold themselves to extremely high standards. The Investigator will only break a commitment if they realise they are only hurting themselves by staying true to it but it will take them a very long time to come to terms with this.
In a Meeting: Have gripes / mood swings.
Under Pressure: Investigators try to maintain their cool under pressure and want to focus on responding properly. They can handle a lot of pressure but do not go well with responding immediately. They need time to process information and sift through their own logic before they can make a proper decision. When put on the spot, they can feel stressed and overwhelmed. Investigators also struggle when it comes to feeling pressure from those close since they want to please them.
As a performance appraiser:
Style - High S's will likely be the most lenient managers. Result - They prefer stability to change. Outcome - A waste of time and the status quo remains - good or bad.
As a customer service representative:
Style - Calms others down; Result - Others feel at ease; Outcome - Becomes exhausted by the constant interaction and feeling frustrated
SD - S with D - Pace & Priority. Indirect, Slower-Paced, Open, People-Oriented v. Direct, Fast-Paced, Guarded, Task-Oriented.
SI - S with I - Priority. Indirect, Slower-Paced v. Direct, Fast-Paced.
SS - S with S - Passive, Inactive.
SC - S with C - Priority. Open, People-Oriented v. Guarded, Task-Oriented.
In the Personal Space
How others are judged: Self Judgeology™. Judge themselves much harder than they do others and have a way of being very hard on themselves. Do not want to be seen as judgmental with a strong desire not to cause others angst. However, often tactlessness takes over. Often appear judgmental and use considerable intuition if someone is going to hurt themselves or others and they want to assist. Can often see the good in people but annoyed about society behaviour.
Cause of anxiety: When things are not going according to plan.
Shyness Gauge™ (Out of the 16 patterns. Scale: Lower number is more shy: 5/16 It is the case that many, if not most, Investigators are painfully shy, reserved, reclusive and withdrawn. It is also the case that a significant subset who are better at using their extroverted feeling are very comfortable and at ease maneuvering through social interactions with little anxiety and self-consciousness.
When ill: Avoids medication unless they absolutely have to take it, but stays home to rest and recoup. No way are they going to let others see them in a vulnerable state.
At the shopping mall: At Starbucks enjoying the serenity and free samples. Will almost certainly leave with a jasmine tea or chai latte or similar.
As the gift buyer: Crafts personalised, heartfelt gifts that explain what each of their loved ones means to them. Delivers them weeks ahead of the holiday season, because it feels inauthentic to use a socially constructed holiday as a means of sharing love and appreciation.
What they want as a gift: A hand-written letter. A greeting card with nothing but a is a no-no.
What sort of holiday: Creative writing retreat.
What sort of clothes do they wear - male: Likes to convey something about themselves through their clothing. They may adopt an edgy artistic aesthetic or a buttoned up and professional one. Whatever look they go for, it will likely be alluring and well put together in a subtle and low-effort kind of way. Do not seek to call attention to themselves with their clothing but rather blend in by wearing what seems appropriate for the situation yet doesn’t impair their individualism.
What sort of clothes do they wear - female: Hold strong personal values. Interested in discovering connections and meaning in ideas and relationships. A structured blazer illustrates bold and self-sufficient personalities.
As a house guest: As Host: My rules, don't leave things like that! As Guest: I'll use as much hot water as I like.
Contents of wardrobe (fun perspective):
Filled with random notes on the floor of all their earth-shattering revelations they had before going to sleep.
In a relationship / dating:
Relationship needs – Understanding and Aspiration. Red Flag if you hear this - "I'm super opportunistic. It's your own fault if you get trampled." Not negotiable with the partner - Feeling unable to fully trust their partner. Biggest Strength - Communicator. Shows understanding. Ideal Date Activities - Anything that involves mutual agreement. Talking, debating, intimate dinner, walk in the park. Will be seeking - Long term and short term dating. Target area priority - LOVABLE - 60%; ROMANTIC 17%; SEXUAL 23%. Soulmate - Inspirational.
Compatibility: Click here.
At the bar: Finds everything hilarious.
In the bedroom: Not that Important Bedroomer. Sex has to mean something to you, or else it is pretty miserable. You want to completely trust the person you make love with, that being said you do not trust easily. You take time to warm up to people and are not the most physically open person in the world. Although you are hesitant at first, when you find the right person it is electric. You do not believe in setting boundaries in the bedroom with someone you love and are willing to try new things. Sex is not the most important thing to you, but you find you are rather amazing at it with the right person. You are capable of taking sex to a whole new level of spirituality.
Dalliance or not? With high ideals and they are tentative about entering into relationships until they are pretty sure they’ve got something good. That said, they are generally very committed once they fall in love with someone and they are probably more resistant to outside temptations. If anything they may have difficulty leaving a relationship that is not good for them and they are more likely to be the one giving their partners a second chance after being cheated on.
How they deal with clutter: When motivated Clutter. A thorough cleaning is important but generally it's a once a week or once a month when you are feeling motivated. If you find yourself cleaning throughout the week, you’re probably avoiding other work you’re supposed to be doing, because you “won’t be able to focus until it’s clean”. Already organised by nature, sometimes need a tool to help motivation to complete tasks.
What sort of kitchen: The Scandanavian Kitchen. You are creative, idealistic and always looking for ways to improve. Light, bright, and white! You love authentic white subway tiles with dark grout, white-washed floors, and clean, tidy spaces with just a few bright pops of colour. This reminds you of a better future ahead.
What religion: 44.33% Rank: 6. Likely religion: Zen Buddist. Evangelical / Protestant.
What they like at a music festival: Not that involved at the festival. Can be found meditating near the edge of the festival. Only ventures into the fray to see their favourite band in the world (winds up staying for a while to read palms.)
What they like as their musical instrument: Flute. Why? The Investigator is observant and sensitive to the emotional needs of others. Goes well in situations where creativity and expression can be delivered. This makes the flute an excellent choice for the Investigator.
What sort of friend: Suspicious, great listener. The friend who always finds a way to make you feel ready for the future. The friend who encourages you to live your life the way that you want to. They are supportive and always there for you, but are probably constantly afraid that you will betray them. When you two talk it feels like you are being understood and completely accepted. Enjoys alone time and generally does not want a lot of time socialising, especially in crowded places. Can feel lonely interested when small talk or casual acquaintances is all they have for companionship. If you betray or abandon an Investigator, you will be cut. The Investigator is excellent at 'doorslams'; the Enhancer can be just as bad, or even worse. If the Investigator 'doorslams' you, you might just as well not exist anymore.
Weird feature: Intense. Come across too obsessive (= excessive in degree or nature) at times. Seeks out hidden meaning in things and sometimes reaches untenable or irrational conclusions. Rank: 4/10.
In the classroom: Quietly taking notes and everyone comes to them for help because they are smart but not as scary as the Enhancer.
How to win an Investigator as a friend (degree of difficulty = 7; but can make wonderful friends):
1. Big Picture Viewpoint. The Investigator connects seemingly unrelated pieces of information to get
to the "big picture". They see multiple sides of every situation and that can include complex daydreams,
multiple inner worlds and conversations that never happened - a daydreamer. The Investigator can be a revolutionary
with plans to unite humanity and a desire to change the world. While hating conflict, can become more forceful
if sufficiently provoked and/or disillusioned. Hate being vilified or threatened if another person disagrees with
what the Investigator thinks are honest ideas or beliefs but reality is exposed when certain facts are laid out,
generally by the High C's. When stressed out they may respond by becoming obsessed with controlling the details
of their environment. Do not bother trying to convince them (at least right away, or at all) that they are being illogical.
They are the passionate defender who can dismiss uncomfortable facts when it suits them. Can door slam, but not nearly as well
as the Enhancer and only when deeply hurt, generally when individuality and uniqueness is concerned; it is the a last line of defence. It is generally irreversible but,
should others want to restore the relationship, let the Investigator know you want to get back into their life and then
give them some space. Pestering or nagging will cause the door to be boarded up more firmly whereas the Enhancer
will have already locked the door and thrown away the key.
To create a situation for them to consider you a potential friend, you will need to engage them in conversations
about something that matters to them. This means taking the conversation to a deeper level, one that gets to
the "how" and "why" instead of just the "what" and "where".
The Investigator is a very deep individual and is usually mysterious too. They are very introverted but would usually come off as friendly to anyone who stops by to say hello. They are compassionate, empathetic and express their idealistic side in subtle but noticeable ways. They are very private and, unless you are close enough to them, there are so many things you will not know they are getting their hands on at the moment. They are also deep, reserved, idealistic, more adventurous than they seem, insightful, rational, empathetic, altruistic go-getters who believe in a cause for a better future and are more concerned with what it takes to make the world a much better place, silent heroes who champion a cause for helping others and the world at large, rather than the mundane and routine activities of daily life.
As visionaries they are full-time subscribers of ideals (sometimes at the expense of facts) and would strive to achieve them. Optimism, dedication, altruism, insight, virtue, concord and originality are all tools to be employed to make the world a better place. Ideals fuel their drive and give them a sense of purpose in their lives. Idealism can also manifest itself in a darker side of perfectionism as they can forfeit the imperfect reality of a situation believing there is always something much better up ahead (which, painfully, is an illusion) but they can manage that by coming to terms with the imperfections of reality. They are highly rational feelers and this gives them an edge in understanding things from a thinker's perspective, even if they would not always agree with it.
2. Emotional Sponge. Will pick up on other people’s feelings, emotions and needs. Empathises on
every level, mirrors others to fit-in and meets them where they are, tries to meet needs without being asked.
Some pour out their life problems to an Investigator which makes them good counselors (not the Counselor pattern.)
Not so good at handling their own emotions. A chameleon who blends in with the people around them and
adapts to any social situation as if they are trying on different personalities like masks causing them to
be mistaken for an extrovert and can be playful in a party situation, especially when lubricated by
products sourced from the late Mr. Daniel Murphy. Too much intensity from others can cause overload
and space and alone time is required to re-charge. Complete withdrawal from the world for long periods of
time is not normal or healthy. This type is prone to depression and, in some cases, needs professional help to
overcome and/or live with that condition. They are highly unlikely to let you know they want support,
but while offers of empathy, understanding and affirmation can be very effective, it difficult to do if
the problem is unknown.
3. Strategy and Logic. Not as well developed as the emotional sponge, but often used in
to make sense of patterns and ideas as well as to formulate plans. May be trapped in a loop where they
over think everything and never reach a decision, thereby causing anxiety.
4. External Sensory Information. Rarely works properly. Responsible for the phenomenon that makes
the Investigator appear graceful one minute and trip over their own feet the next. May result in healthy
functions such as cooking and gardening or toxic processes such as binge shopping and consuming excessive
amounts of sugary snacks.
5. Spirituality Guru. The Investigator can be in touch with their spirituality and on a quest
for personal enlightenment. More than happy to help others toward enlightenment as well but this is likely to be
resisted by Appraisers, Agents, Inspirationals and Perfectionists who are the bottom four on being involved in
religion (see individual patterns on this site).
6. Manipulator. The Investigator uses their powers of understanding people for their own benefit.
Many do this in moderation, but manipulation can show up excessively in a toxic Investigator - so watch out!
However they can also defend others if the need arises in certain situations.
7. Determined Scholars and Planners. Never underestimate the determination of an Investigator.
Can be obsessed with one or more academic or self-interest fields. Can show up as a hobby or a full time profession.
Personal collections may rival that of a public library.
Their creative insights draw them towards fine literature (books, poetry and other literary write-ups) and their
fondness for the abstract makes them attracted to beautiful things; usually with some symbolic meaning or expression.
They are also very organised and orderly - look at an Investigator's home.
Considering the fact that they are external judgers, they prefer to make a particular decision and stick with it. Trust Elevanto, it is going to take some time to convince an Investigator if their minds are already settled on something. They are hard workers in whatever they have a passion for. Thanks to their dominant function, they are false judgers and true perceivers and typically indulge in less routine than those who are sensors. Nevertheless, they are planners and prefer being prepared to being spontaneous for anything that comes their way. They are one of the most insightful types. This makes them good friends to approach when in need. They are also very tolerant of many wrongs done to them but that does not make them the doormat you might think they are.
8. Monagamist in Romance. The Investigator tends to prefer committed monogamy in romantic
relationships. They are highly unlikely to date casually and are searching for someone they can
connect with on a soul-mate level.
9. Like Genuine and Patient Only. If an Investigator suspects you of being less than genuine, they lose interest very
quickly. If you are a new acquaintance, they might simply avoid seeing you again. If you are someone they cannot avoid,
then they will keep conversations civil but superficial.
Patience comes into play during conversations as Investigators have trouble getting all their thoughts out into words.
If new and unfamiliar they will: 1) nod and make some general comments while frantically races to come up with something;
2) start putting thoughts into words and sorting through ideas verbally. The final idea might take some time to emerge.
Do not cut off or jump to conclusions about what they think before they have had time to express themselves
as that makes them fee like you are not really interested and they will be hesitant to share with you later.
10. Holds on to Grudges. Always. May forgive readily, depending on the circumstances, but never forget.
The closer someone is to an Investigator, the harder it is to bounce back to a close friendship after they have been hurt.
Try divorcing one. The more others are liked and the more investment, the more chances given, but there is a point at
which the Investigator gives up and door slams (also, see point 1 above). The Investigator is known for the deadly door
slam approach along with the thinkers, the Enhancer especially, but also the Director, Inspirational, OT, Developer, Perfectionist, Results and Achiever.
Victims may still remain close in some cases.
An Investigator may might not completely sever ties with someone who has hurt them, depending on the nature of the betrayal, but they will withdraw. For example, if someone gives the impression that they want to carry on regular interactions, filled with deep discussion, and then ignores the Investigator for 3 months and forgets to answer any questions, when they do reply the Investigator will have no interest in continuing the interaction.
Attitude to money and risk
Augmentation: Investigators, together with Enhancers, Persuaders and Developers are more calculated at risk taking and not as spontaneous as the high risk takers. The Investigator needs to have an internal vision of where they are going before they pursue a possibility. They need time to analyse, prioritise and process information. At times they might get a vision about a future possibility quickly and, during these times, they can seem quite impulsive. Other times the process will take longer and they can seem more cautious and deliberating. The Investigator (and the Enhancer) especially like to have time to “chart-the-course” for where they are going to go. When they have a course and a clear vision they actually enjoy taking long-term risks and pursuing unconventional paths. The Investigator prefers to pursue new pathways rather than follow along in a more routine or traditional lifestyle or career. By taking extra time to prepare they are usually very strategic and have contingency plans in place. They also are stimulated by new ideas and possibilities so this can lead them down innovative or transformational pathways. However, can become so sure of a specific vision or path that they close their minds to precautions and details that might get in the way of its realisation. They tend to be analytical when deciding on a pursuit, but because they focus more on the big picture than the details, those details can eventually trip them up. Accordingly, it can help to get some advice and input from a trusted source.
Spending money: Tempted. Social Spender. Good savers but, when surrounded by peers who are spending more exuberantly, may feel tempted to spend more. Should steer clear of toxic friends who may manipulate best intentions. Although they will generally not join in, they may sometimes make bad decisions randomly as a result of stress and momentary carelessness. Money not that important but it is when making career decisions. May overspend 'because I'm worth it'.
Financial toxicity: Pleaser - Extractor. Pretends to reach for the wallet but always comes up short, so the other party pays. Or gets up to go to the bathroom when they see the waiter coming to the table with the bill. Trustworthy Ranking:High. (Does not trust others easily).
The following table shows the attitude to risk of each pattern
When Nefarious - actions are highly reprehensible or offensive in character
Manipulative, scheming, self-righteous. Above all, they seek to fulfill their vision for the future. They will go to any lengths to reach this vision, even if it means deceit, underhanded deals, and trickery. They justify what they do because in their mind “the end justifies the means”. They often consider themselves better and more broad-minded than others, and thus conclude that any input from the outside world is silly and shallow. They live in their own subjective fantasy world and stop attributing value to human interactions. People are to be used to reach their end goal. If they hurt people along the way they’ll try to stifle any sense of guilt they might feel. They will try to escape those people so they do not have to actually confront their own wrongdoings. In their close relationships they may be passive aggressive, and use people’s faults and shortcomings against them as blackmail. When faced with their wrongdoings, they may fall into self-pity or else shut people out of their life who don’t show them complete approval. Crimes: Stalk or never commit crime. Conspiracy, heresy.
Bratty behaviour: Pretentiousness. At only 1% of the population, are generally misunderstood, can be very tactless and are not easy to get to know well. Some may even be pleased about being misunderstood and not understand that rare does not equate to superiority. May use their uncommon nature as a means of belittling others for lacking their depth or analytical abilities or as an excuse for looking down on others. Seen by some as intimidating by design. Very introspective and loathe to hurt people or disappoint them, so are very aware in all aspects of our lives about what’s actually going on -vs- smokescreens and other assorted bulltish.
When guilty: Internalise Guilt. Feel guilty over the smallest actions, finding it very important to be a good person and to right wrongs (make amends) when causing upset, hurt or harm. Need to know what they have done wrong as sometimes they do not realise that their actions cause angst - particularly when they have no clue how tactless actions are seen by others. In caring about others, may feel guilty for things they should not feel guilty for. Shame: Experience shame on very drastic levels, and sometimes suffer from a shame spiral that can be hard to pull out of. Once embarrassed for something they have done, may find themselves thinking about all of their previous shameful actions. Can be extremely hard on themselves, so they definitely struggle with feelings of shame. Best way to help to cope with feeling ashamed, is by others reminding them of their true self. They need to understand that they are not worthless just because they have made mistakes. Even the kindest souls have had moments where they have not been perfect.
Ingeniously Problematic™ behaviour: Sometimes. Is on display when it is clearly known what the desired outcome is, yet an assertion is made that may not be untruthful, is likely to be ambiguous and the author can use it to advantage. It is designed to give the recipient hope; reality may be 'bugger off' or (mis)leading you into taking up some sort of offer. It often involves blatant hypocrisy.
The Sir Robertson Sole symptoms™ - as the "asshole"!
The Conspirator - The Pretentious, Over Dramatic R. Sole. Acts cuddly but is secretly an R. Sole. Fond of themselves and try to have friends but they often do not get past the “hello” phase. After telling too much and then too little, can befriend and then listen and pretend other's anecdotes actually were own experiences. Then it's all about them. Validation for their ideas from other people is unrealistic as the ideas are half-witted. Confuse facts and beliefs. Even if an idea is validated may be taken a negative and converted into an insult. This is considered to be dumb behaviour. Prefer non-interactive media, which is why they like poetry and prose. Will not let go if they bite you, which they are prone to do. Investigators are the classic door slammers on the basis that if they think you are a bad or shallow person they cannot trust - particularly if you hurt their feelings. They will door slam family members.
On R.Sole steroids - The Delicate Egomanic.
Bigger is better. Bigger ideas. Big empires. Big pussies. They can conquer entire
continents but they cry every time their stupid quirks are ridiculed. That's
what fuels the Investigator's miserable life - terror in the face of endless
humiliation. The more critics that are destroyed, the better an Investigator
Insulting tags: Evil. "You are simply not worthy". "You do not understand me."
Worst quality: Perfectionist.
Prof. Sole nominates Vladimir Lenin, Adolf Hitler and Osama Bin Laden.
Robert Sole's Conviction™: Has a 24/7 martyr complex. Normal on the outside, broken on the inside.
The following table shows the population of each pattern
Source: Australian Psychological Type Review and others.
16 & 2 = 54.2%
7 & 11 = 40.0%
5 & 14 = 51.5%
1 & 9 = 48.0%