Managing everyone the same way WILL FAIL!!!

One size does not fit all - see!

We are regularly asked about which patterns may or may not be good at Project Management. We have added this aspect on this page. The most suitable PM's are Director, Developer, Objective Thinker and Enhancer. Do not bother with Results, Promoter, Counselor, Specialist, Agent and Achiever who are unsuitable. Forget Investigator and Practitioner as they are followers. Inspirational, Persuader, Appraiser and Perfectionist may be okay but you would need to exercise care.

These proven methods on this site are totally useless if you have not worked out the other person's Disc behaviour pattern. The descriptions are how you need to impose on them irrespective of what your Disc is. It's the environment the other person thrives in is what you want to create. It also will highlight whether employees are in the right seat on the bus. The kind professor has been in the archives to extract this from the vault.

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Conducted and composed by Emeritus Professor Ridley Kive™ - Last Update 19 November, 2019


1. Can it be the Director - ESTJ?

The Director is the Border Collie

Style: Realistic and talkative, like to be in control of the details. As employees, they will present ideas with facts and statistics to back up their logic. Motivate with the logic behind your decisions and give them autonomy on projects. The Director will continue to be a happy employee so long as you are setting clear expectations and deadlines while providing logical, objective feedback.

Leadership strength zone and why: Directing - High D and High C.

Worst working environment: An outfit that completely lacks structure and presents few to no opportunities for upward advancement for the Director.

As a Project Manager: Category A - Most Suitable. Direct and clear cut.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Have to watch the 'my way or the highway' aspect but your project is in very safe hands.

Problem Solving Method: The Developer will first look at the facts and weigh those against speculations. They try to keep personal feelings and emotions out of the problem unless they are operating from a place of extreme stress. They use logic to try to determine the cause and effect. They may weigh the pros and cons of possible solutions, quantify conclusions and try to find a solution that is objective and fair. They also tend to look for patterns and connections that might be under the surface. They ask themselves, “What are the long-term implications of the solutions we have?”, or “What underlying meanings are we missing?”.

Problem Solving Weakness: As the Developer is a dominant thinking types, they may forget to consider the personal values of the people involved in the problem. They may ignore relevant personal needs and end up escalating a conflict. At other times, they may get so caught up in looking at the big picture that they miss important details.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Very effective; but comes across as ruthless.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Director is usually too busy to remember the insignificant detail of setting up their out of office message before jetting off for their holidays. Typically being a work-a-holic, the autoresponder is unnecessary anyway, as they will reply to important emails straight away regardless of whatever holiday festivities they are attending. If it is not important, they will still check their email but do not expect any replies. If a Director does remember to set up their away message, the message is either blank or straight to the point simply stating, "I’m out of the office" or "See you next year".


2. Can it be the Developer - ENTJ?

The Developer is the German Shepherd

Style: Natural leaders, outgoing, energetic, quick. Their intuition makes them creative and innovative, while their thinking-judging orientation makes them good at details and structure. Excellent at developing strategy. Motivate them with challenges to develop new skills and opportunities for advancement. To retain these leaders, you will need to develop long-term plans for leadership roles in strategic assignments.

Leadership strength zone and why: Influencing - High D and High I.

Worst working environment: An outfit that completely lacks a long-term vision and requires strict adherence to the decisions of an incompetent management team by the Developer.

As a Project Manager: Category A - Most Suitable. Hates complainers who take no action.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: There will be conflict at each and every turn but your project is in very safe hands.

Problem Solving Method: The Developer will first look at the facts and weigh those against speculation. They try to keep personal feelings and emotions out of the problem unless they are operating from a place of extreme stress. They use logic to try to determine the cause and effect. They may weigh the pros and cons of possible solutions, quantify conclusions and try to find a solution that is objective and fair. They also tend to look for patterns and connections that might be under the surface. They ask themselves, “What are the long-term implications of the solutions we have?”, or “What underlying meanings are we missing?”.

Problem Solving Weakness: Because the Developer is a dominant thinking type, they may forget to consider the personal values of the people involved in the problem. They may ignore relevant personal needs and end up escalating a conflict. At other times, they may get so caught up in looking at the big picture that they miss important details.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Very effective; with generally a bully boy flavour so some will be upset.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Developer is usually too busy to remember the insignificant detail of setting up their out of office message before jetting off for their holidays. Typically being a work-a-holic, the autoresponder is unnecessary anyway, as they will reply to important emails straight away regardless of whatever holiday festivities they are attending. If it is not important, they will still check their email but do not expect any replies. If a Developer does remember to set up their away message, the message is either blank or straight to the point simply stating, "I’m out of the office" or "See you next year".


3. Can it be the Results - ESTP?

The Results is the Jack Russell Terrier

Style: Is outgoing and spontaneous. Very good at being in the moment, work well under pressure and are good negotiators. Motivate them with new experiences and real problems to solve. The best way to give feedback is actually to get them to think aloud about their experience and make feedback interactive.

Leadership strength zone and why: Influencing - High D and High I.

Worst working environment: An outfit with a monotonous corporate environment where the Results person has to go through a series of red tape in order to solve pretty much any problem.

As a Project Manager: Category D - Totally unsuited. Cannot reflect for one second.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: There will be insufficient attention to the fine details, especially if the project is not short in duration.

Problem Solving Method: The Results is extremely practical when solving problems. The first thing they do is look at the current facts – “What do we know to be true without a doubt?”, “What is the most urgent thing that needs to be fixed right away?”. The next thing they do is weigh the pros and cons and design a decision-making process that will get them where they need to go. This involves taking apart the problem and organising the facts into a blueprint or framework. Once they break down the problem they can see how everything is connected and they can get an accurate understanding of what happened and what the most effective, logical solution will be.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Results can become so focussed on the current problem that they lose sight of the underlying meaning of why the problem happened or where the solution will lead in the future. They can also focus so extensively on logic that they miss seeing important personal values that are at stake.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Very effective; fabulous in a crisis. Just what you need, but personal considerations will take a back seat.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Results is usually too busy to remember the insignificant detail of setting up their out of office message before jetting off for their holidays. Typically being a work-a-holic, the autoresponder is unnecessary anyway, as they will reply to important emails straight away regardless of whatever holiday festivities they are attending. If it is not important, they will still check their email but do not expect any replies. If a Results does remember to set up their away message, the message is either blank or straight to the point simply stating, "I’m out of the office" or "See you next year".


4. Can it be the Inspirational - ENTP?

The Inspirational is the Bull Terrier

Style: Loves debate. Gaining energy from other people, loves to poke holes in arguments and strategies and is not afraid to speak up. Is clever and thrives on challenge. To keep an Inspirational happy, keep their assignments interesting and encourage them to discover creative solutions. Beware of manipulative tendencies.

Leadership strength zone and why: Influencing - High D and High I.

Worst working environment: An outfit that is functioning in a systematically inefficient way but interprets any innovative solutions for improvement or change put forward by the Inspirational as personal criticism.

As a Project Manager: Category B - Both a leader and follower. Fiddles with new methods.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Risky. Choose a Category A. Debating about the project will become the project.

Problem Solving Method: The Inspirational will consider any patterns or connections formed by the existing facts as the first step. “What are the possibilities?”, “What beside the obvious can we discover?”, “What are the big-picture ramifications of the problem?”. They will collect a range of alternatives and critically analyse them using their auxiliary process, Introverted Thinking. They will take apart the problem and try to arrange it in a framework where all the connections are found and analysed. They will weigh the facts, use logic to determine the cause of the problem and likely effect, look at the pros and cons and try to come up with an innovative, creative way to solve the problem.

Problem Solving Weakness: Can get so caught up brainstorming creative new ways to solve the problem that they miss more simplistic, tried-and-true approaches that would save time. They can also be so focussed on the logical solution that they miss seeing the human element and the values of the people involved in the problem or conflict.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Very effective; but has to ensure that the myriad of possibilities do not actually become the problem. e.g. If you are up to your ass in alligators, they have to remember that the project is no longer about better methods of draining the swamp.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Inspirational is usually too busy to remember the insignificant detail of setting up their out of office message before jetting off for their holidays. Typically being a work-a-holic, the autoresponder is unnecessary anyway, as they will reply to important emails straight away regardless of whatever holiday festivities they are attending. If it is not important, they will still check their email but do not expect any replies. If an Inspirational does remember to set up their away message, the message is either blank or straight to the point simply stating, "I’m out of the office" or "See you next year".


5. Can it be the Persuader - ENFJ?

The Persuader is the Boxer

Style: Compassionate and skilled at finding and communicating creative solutions. Like to work cooperatively and need a lot of appreciative feedback. Very sensitive, so be gentle with feedback and help them develop supportive relationships with coworkers.

Leadership strength zone and why: Influencing - High I and High D.

Worst working environment: An outfit that is cut throat and competitive where collaboration by the Persuader is frowned upon and employees are pitted against one another in order to succeed.

As a Project Manager: Category B - Both a leader and follower. Focus is on people and emotion.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Risky. Choose a Category A. Be prepared to expend a lot of effort to keep your Persuader on track.

Problem Solving Method: The Persuader will first look at the urgent personal needs of the people involved. They also consider their own personal values and how to approach the problem while staying in tune with those values. They will want to find a solution that is as close to a win-win for every party involved. They will also look for any underlying patterns or meanings that might be hidden from plain view. “What are people not saying?”, “What patterns and connections are not obvious that might be creating this problem?”. They will try to find a solution quickly that has positive long-term implications for people.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Persuader can become so fixated on bringing the environment back to a place of harmony that they “rush” the process and create a solution that does not truly meet their needs. They can also be so focussed on the people involved and the underlying patterns that they miss more obvious facts, details and logic.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Not my choice; they miss the complete picture.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Persuader, when they remember to put up their away message, will typically re-use the last 'out of office' message they had previously set up. You will know it's a High I style right away because the responding message will have the dates from their summer vacation two years ago. The Persuader who does take the time to change their away message will use this resource as an opportunity to have some fun and entertain their email solicitors. A link to a JibJab ecard, with their co-workers crafted as dancing elves or some other creative, with an enjoyable holiday meme is sure to elicit a positive response from their peers.


6. Can it be the Appraiser - ESFJ

The Appraiser is the Great Dane

Style: Sympathetic. One of the most conscientious personality types, often offering help in practical ways. Be positive and supportive while being specific about behaviours or results that you want to see change. Thrive best in friendly environments without much competition or tension. Works best in collaboration with others.

Leadership strength zone and why: Creating - High I and High C.

Worst working environment: An outfit where the Appraiser is forced to analyse impersonal data all day with little interaction or feedback about how they are doing.

As a Project Manager: Category B - Both a leader and follower. Concentrates on emotional connections.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Risky. Choose a Category A. Will spend too much time collaborating.

Problem Solving Method: The Appraiser will initially look at how the conflict or problem is impacting the people involved. They want to get a handle on the emotions stirring the conflict and the human aspect of the various issues involved. “What personal choices led to the conflict?”, “How will people be impacted by the decisions made?”, “Is there a win-win situation?”. Afterwards, they will look at the historical timeline of the situation. They will try to pin down what led to the conflict or problem in the first place and what sequence of events followed. They will look at their past history to see if there are any lessons that could be applied to the situation.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Appraiser can get so focussed on the human element of the problem at hand that they sidestep the most logical resolution. They can also take criticism personally when there was no ill-will intended. This can cause conflict to escalate instead of de-escalate. They can also focus so much on the present issues that they forget to consider the long-term implications or any hidden meanings that might be important.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Not my choice; misses long term implications.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Appraiser, when they remember to put up their away message, will typically re-use the last 'out of office' message they had previously set up. You will know it's a High I style right away because the responding message will have the dates from their summer vacation two years ago. The Appraiser who does take the time to change their away message will use this resource as an opportunity to have some fun and entertain their email solicitors. A link to a JibJab ecard, with their co-workers crafted as dancing elves or some other creative, with an enjoyable holiday meme is sure to elicit a positive response from their peers.


7. Can it be the Promoter - ENFP?

The Promoter is the Golden Retriever

Style: Energized by possibility and love the process of formation of ideas or concepts. As feelers, are warm with strong personal values and tend to take things personally. Unlike a thinker-judger, the Promoter will not react well to lots of detailed criticism. When you are giving feedback, leave lots of time for discussion and input. Like many other extroverts, the Promoter likes to work collaboratively, though may (will) clash with their very logical-analytical fact based colleagues.

Leadership strength zone and why: Influencing - High I and High D.

Worst working environment: An outfit run by an immoral management team where any pushback about the unfair working conditions could serve as a CLM - Career Limiting Move - for the Promoter.

As a Project Manager: Category D - Totally unsuited. Too much speculation of the future.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Your project will never be finished. You may be okay if you are part of a Promoter's support team. But you must never ever select a Promoter to manage a project. Trust us!

Problem Solving Method: The Promoter will initially try to see if there are any underlying implications or patterns that caused the problem that are not immediately obvious. Then they will check into their value system to see how they feel about the problem and what they feel is the ethically right course of action. They will try to make sure everyone involved in the conflict or problem is heard, that nobody’s values are being ignored or violated and that nobody is being rushed into a decision that is not right for them. They will also try to step outside the box to see if there are any possibilities or creative resolutions to consider.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Promoter can get so caught up in looking for a creative resolution or a new, innovative answer that they ignore using tried-and-true approaches that might be simpler or faster. They can also focus so much on the human aspect of a decision or problem that they lose sight of the most logical and objective approach. However, they tend to develop a stronger, logical focus the more they develop and mature. Elevanto is unsure of this last sentence.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: A disaster; they f**k around like a spare prick at a wedding.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Promoter, when they remember to put up their away message, will typically re-use the last 'out of office' message they had previously set up. You will know it's a High I style right away because the responding message will have the dates from their summer vacation two years ago. The Promoter who does take the time to change their away message will use this resource as an opportunity to have some fun and entertain their email solicitors. A link to a JibJab ecard, with their co-workers crafted as dancing elves or some other creative, with an enjoyable holiday meme is sure to elicit a positive response from their peers. Example: I'm on holiday until 14th January, 2020. If you need to reach me, travel to my homeland of NSW. On the highest peak of the tallest mountain, you will find a rare flower. When you understand that flower, you will know how to reach me. Trust me, You will know. If your message requires a response faster than that, please email my Manager, Elizabeth Hunter™, on ehunter@elevanto.com.au. If you want to make sure that your message gets a response asap upon my return, please send it again on January 14th, 2020. I recommend that you use one of our free sales tools to schedule it right now while you are thinking about it.


8. Can it be the Counselor - ESFP

The Counselor is the Poodle

Style: Down-to-earth and flexible, the Counselor in your life probably goes out of the way to avoid conflict. They are observers: noticing and remembering details about conversations and people. Want to establish personal relationships in the office and in life, including with you, so make sure you take the time to talk about something other than work before giving feedback. Your feedback should be sincere and interactive, but also diplomatic. As a sensor-feeler, the Counselor is particularly sensitive.

Leadership strength zone and why: Relating - High I and High S.

Worst working environment: An outfit with virtually no corporate culture where the Counselor does not interact with others and the day-to-day tasks rarely change.

As a Project Manager: Category D - Totally unsuited. You will discover that too much time is spent chatting to people.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Your project will be very late indeed.

Problem Solving Method: The Counselor mixes practicality with empathy when it comes to problem-solving. First, they look at the current situation and determine what need is most urgent. Then they look at the knowable facts involved. “What do we know 100% to be true?”, “What tangible, concrete facts are evident?”. Then they consider their values and what is important to them, as well as what is important to the other people in the equation. They want to make sure nobody’s core values are being violated or ignored. Then they try to find an efficient solution that will respect those values. They try to maintain an easy-going, “we can do this” demeanor during the process.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Counselor can sidestep the most logical solution when they get too focussed on what would provide immediate results. They can also take things personally during personal conflicts, getting constructive criticism mixed up with a personal attack when there was no ill-will intended. This can lead to the problem escalating instead of de-escalating.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Not good. Risks of the problem escalating are not a desired outcome.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Counselor, when they remember to put up their away message, will typically re-use the last 'out of office' message they had previously set up. You will know it's a High I style right away because the responding message will have the dates from their summer vacation two years ago. The Counselor who does take the time to change their away message will use this resource as an opportunity to have some fun and entertain their email solicitors. A link to a JibJab ecard, with their co-workers crafted as dancing elves or some other creative, with an enjoyable holiday meme is sure to elicit a positive response from their peers.


9. Can it be the Specialist - ISFP

The Specialist is the Saint Bernard

Style: Very private, appear shy and detached. Observant,sensitive and like to see the best in others. Do best in a supportive environment and are easily hurt by harsh feedback. Can be 'do nothing' leaders. Likes to work independently, but near supportive people with whom the Specialist has a good relationship. Like other sensors, needs specific facts, details and accountability.

Leadership strength zone and why: Processing - High S and High C.

Worst working environment: An outfit that expects the Specialist to be highly self-motivated but only gets praised for the completion of dull, uncreative projects.

As a Project Manager: Category D - Totally unsuited. Will not conform to set down path.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Specialists are adverse to change and a project is all about making or doing something or achieving an end. Nothing will happen and you will be tearing your hair out.

Problem Solving Method: The Specialist is gifted at considering everyone’s core values when they try to solve a problem. They first consider, “What feels right to me?”, “How are my values being impacted by this conflict?”. Then they consider the other people involved. They want to make sure nobody’s integrity or values are being ignored or violated in the midst of resolutions. Then they will look at the facts. “What do I know to be true, regardless of beliefs and personal opinions?”, “What concrete, current information might I be missing?”.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Specialist can become so focussed on how the problem is impacting them or others personally that they struggle to find a logical solution. They can also forget to brainstorm and look at numerous possible resolutions and possibilities. They may become hyper-focused on just one solution and be unable to see other perspectives.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Ineffective. Are deficient in logic and cannot see the wood for the trees.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Specialist is stable and loves to give their out of office messages a personal touch to make sure their receivers know they are important by apologising for not being available and will have a response back as soon as possible. They might even add in a pretty Christmas image or a holiday family photo to spread the joy of the season to their colleagues or customers. Unlike the High D patterns, the Specialist will not be checking their emails while away from the office so they want to make sure their contacts receive an email that shows that it is important to take time off work to enjoy the holidays with loved ones.


10. Can it be the Investigator - INFJ?

The Investigator is the Greyhound

Style: Is hardworking and perceptive. Investigators take the time to reflect and can be perfectionists. Integrity and convictions are important. The Investigator likes to be prepared, so request meetings in advance and specify the topic. When giving feedback, keep your pace slow and allow the Investigator time to reflect and develop their response. Beware that they can confuse facts and beliefs and can be tactless.

Leadership strength zone and why: Persisting - High S and High D.

Worst working environment: An outfit that exploits honest customers in order to make money and treats the Invsetigator like a replaceable commodity.

As a Project Manager: Category C - A follower. Drained by the conflict involved.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Will be better with a leader. You will find that the fast pace might be a bit overwhelming at times.

Problem Solving Method: The Investigator will speculate on patterns and connections formed by the facts. “How is everything connected?”, “What underlying meanings and causes are we missing?”, “What are the long-term implications of this problem?”. They may spend quite a bit of time ruminating over this information and looking for problems or solutions that are not immediately obvious. Then they will consider the needs of the people involved and try to find a solution that meets everyone’s needs and maintains harmony. They are good at finding 'win-win' compromises in personal conflicts.

Problem Solving Weakness: As the Investigator is so focussed on harmony, they can rush conflict-resolution too quickly and not get their actual needs met or the problem solved adequately. They can also get so focussed on finding the underlying meaning of the problem and seeing where everything is connected that they over-complicate the issue and make it more complex than it needs to be.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Rushing, together with over complication causes less than optimum outcomes.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Investigator is stable and loves to give their out of office messages a personal touch to make sure their receivers know they are important by apologising for not being available and will have a response back as soon as possible. They might even add in a pretty Christmas image or a holiday family photo to spread the joy of the season to their colleagues or customers. Unlike the High D patterns, the Investigator will not be checking their emails while away from the office so they want to make sure their contacts receive an email that shows that it is important to take time off work to enjoy the holidays with loved ones.


11. Can it be the Agent - INFP?

The Agent is the Tibetan Terrier

Style: Powerfully intuitive, feeling, and perceiving, is one of the most perceptive personality types. They are committed to projects and ideals. Connect on a personal level, and don’t forget to keep your energy in check. Allow Agents time to process information and be sure to give them time to express their feelings and ideas about projects, especially in meetings with more extroverted colleagues.

Leadership strength zone and why: Relating - High I and High S.

Worst working environment: A stuffy outfit that contributes nothing of meaning to society and frowns upon any sort of creative problem solving offered by the Agent.

As a Project Manager: Category D - Totally unsuited. Imagination too out of control.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Chaos is inevitable.

Problem Solving Method: The Agent will immediately check into their inner value system to see where they stand. Do they agree or disagree with anything related to the problem? What core values are at stake (if any)? How are other people’s values being impacted? They will then look at the problem to see if there are any unseen implications and connections that might have been missed. “What are the possible solutions?”, “What unusual or creative solutions pop into my head?”. They want to make sure everyone has a chance to feel heard adequately before they try to narrow down a decision.

Problem Solving Weakness: Agents can become so fixated on the value-implications and harmony of everyone involved that they miss seeing logical, effective pathways to resolution. They also can become so focused on the big-picture, intuitive outcomes that they skip over details that might be important.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: The worst choice. The hapless Space Cadet.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Agent is stable and loves to give their out of office messages a personal touch to make sure their receivers know they are important by apologising for not being available and will have a response back as soon as possible. They might even add in a pretty Christmas image or a holiday family photo to spread the joy of the season to their colleagues or customers. Unlike the High D patterns, the Agent will not be checking their emails while away from the office so they want to make sure their contacts receive an email that shows that it is important to take time off work to enjoy the holidays with loved ones.


12. Can it be the Achiever - ISTP?

The Achiever is the Bassett Hound

Style: Very realistic, a quiet pragmatist who is guided more by practical considerations than by ideals. Largely even-tempered, likes practical work as opposed to the ideas and theories preferred by intuitive personality types. Like many introverts, prefers to work independently with minimal supervision. They respond well to concrete tasks and problems with clear accountability.

Leadership strength zone and why: Persisting - High S and High D.

Worst working environment: An outfit that forces the Achiever to be on the front lines fielding customer complaints and politely resolving a series of petty, day-to-day issues.

As a Project Manager: Category D - Totally unsuited. Becomes drained when others place excessive demands on their time and resources.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Being workaholics, they will take over things that others should be doing. Terrible delegators are, by definition, not going to be really good PMs.

Problem Solving Method: The Achiever breaks down a problem into its many parts and tries to figure out how they are all connected and what mental framework all the details need to go in. Once they have an accurate understanding of how everything happened, they will examine the problem from all angles to see if there are any inconsistencies or breakdowns they might have missed. Then they will weigh the pros and try to separate logic from feeling to make sure they are being unbiased. They want to look at the concrete facts involved. “What do we know, as opposed to what we believe?”, “What is the most reasonable solution?”, “What solution will give the most effective, logical and rewarding result?”. This process may sound time consuming but, in reality, the Achiever is very adept at problem-solving quickly.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Achiever can get so focussed on the facts and impersonal analysis that they miss the very real human elements involved in the conflict. They might offend or belittle people unintentionally by not appreciating their feelings or values in the situation. They might also get so focussed on looking at the facts and details that they bypass seeing a hidden, underlying meaning of why something happened in the first place.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Weakness appear a bit harsh to me based on my experience. A good operator.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The Achiever is stable and loves to give their out of office messages a personal touch to make sure their receivers know they are important by apologising for not being available and will have a response back as soon as possible. They might even add in a pretty Christmas image or a holiday family photo to spread the joy of the season to their colleagues or customers. Unlike the High D patterns, the Achiever will not be checking their emails while away from the office so they want to make sure their contacts receive an email that shows that it is important to take time off work to enjoy the holidays with loved ones.


13. Can it be the Practitioner - ISFJ?

The Practitioner is the Alaskan Malamute
They like facts, but are also very value-oriented when making decisions. Needs a diplomatic manager who sets clear and specific expectations. Is very caring and works well with others, but prefers one-on-one or small group settings for collaboration.

Leadership strength zone and why: Detailing - High C and High I.

Worst working environment: An outfit that fails to provide the Practitioner with specific rules or instructions for the projects they are working on but expects “big things” of them.

As a Project Manager: Category C - A follower. Cannot manage inconsistent behaviour.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: You need a leader. Too much compromising to avoid conflict makes the Practitioner an extremely poor choice as they want a frictionless space.

Problem Solving Method: The Practitioner, in a similar fashion to the OT, analyses the history of the problem or conflict first. They want to know what started the problem, what happened after the problem occurred and then work to create a mental timeline. They also look at their past experience to see if they have any useful lessons they could apply to solve the problem. Then they consider how the conflict situation might impact the people involved. They look at the human elements. “Who will be affected by this problem?”, “What are the personal impacts of this conflict?”, “How can we achieve a win-win situation?”.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Practitioner can get so focussed on the human impacts of the problem that they sidestep the most logical, efficient resolution. They can also get stuck in a comfort zone where they consistently use methods they have learned in the past instead of entertaining new ideas or brainstorming alternate ways to solve the problem that might be better.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: The combination of being stuck in the past and a conflict avoider, who wants everything to be frictionless, automatically makes Practitioners poor problem solvers. Their strategy of solving problems by sweeping them under the carpet is poor. Remember where you heard this.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The conscientious Practitioner will make sure they put in all the details necessary for their away messages. How long they will be gone, when they will return and the contact information for all the right people someone might need to reach in their absence is sure to be included. Receivers may even receive a picture of a holiday “Dilbert” comic or “grumpy cat” meme if the Practitioner is feeling particularly festive.


"Rules are for the guidance of wise men and the blind obedience of fools."
Solon, 640 BC - 558 BC. Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet. (Appraiser)


14. Can it be the Objective Thinker - ISTJ?

The Objective Thinker is the Bernese Mountain Dog

14 - Objective Thinker - ISTJ

Style: Serious and meticulous, are driven by facts and hard deadlines. Like plans and reasoning. They can also come off as aloof and unfeeling, especially to extroverted-feelers. As a manager, be straightforward and use objective, logical reasoning for decisions and feedback. Like measurable, tangible achievements. Give autonomy and the time and space to work alone.

Leadership strength zone and why: Processing - High S and High C.

Worst working environment: An outfit where everyone else is fond of slacking, and the OT is held responsible for the team’s output; meaning everything ends up falling on their plate.

As a Project Manager: Category A - Most Suitable. Thrives in a well ordered environment.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Have to watch the 'feelings' aspect but your project is in very safe hands indeed.

Problem Solving Method: The OT starts the problem-solving process by looking at the history and factual background of the problem at hand. “What happened first?”, “What’s the timeline?”, “What does my experience tell me about this person or problem?”. They want to develop a sequential timeline of the problem to understand it. After they create a mental timeline, they look at the facts, procedures and goals that everyone can agree upon. They try to figure out if they have ever encountered a similar problem before and, if so, whether they had any useful techniques that they could use again. They look at the resources needed to solve the problem. They ask themselves “What is the most logical known path that will bring resolution?”.

Problem Solving Weakness: The OT might forget to consider the human element of the problem and might choose a path that does not take into consideration the personal needs of others. They also might get stuck looking at only one tried-and-true solution when there are several better solutions. They can also get so stuck looking at the facts of the problem (analysis paralysis), that they fail to look at the deeper underlying meaning of why it happened.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Very effective indeed; but can be seen as somewhat soulless.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The conscientious OT will make sure they put in all the details necessary for their away messages. How long they will be gone, when they will return and the contact information for all the right people someone might need to reach in their absence is sure to be included. Receivers may even receive a picture of a holiday “Dilbert” comic or “grumpy cat” meme if the OT is feeling particularly festive.


15. Can it be the Perfectionist - INTP?

The Perfectionist is the Papillon

Style: Skeptical and independent, think creatively but are convinced by logic. Perfectionists are likely the best at finding creative solutions to problems. Motivate with complex assignments and don’t be afraid to encourage their competitive drive. The best way to keep a Perfectionist on side is to give them frequent opportunities to develop and critique new ideas with a small group of colleagues they respect.

Leadership strength zone and why: Processing - High S and High C.

Worst working environment: An outfit that micromanages and demands that the Perfectionist account for what they are doing at absolutely every minute of every day.

As a Project Manager: Category B - Both a leader and follower. Needs to examine a situation from absolutely all angles before they can decide on what to do.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Choose a Category A. May never finish as 'there is a new way that I've just discovered'. May be okay if this aspect is mitigated.

Problem Solving Method: The Perfectionist will want to take it apart and figure out how everything is connected. They will categorise the information relating to the problem, look for any hidden relationships and then step back to look at the framework they have created. From there, they will weigh the facts against speculation and use objective analysis to find a logical solution. They will take their time in this process, making sure they have analysed every angle, and looked outside-the-box for creative solutions.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Perfectionist can become so fixated on impersonal logic that they forget to consider the personal implications of their solutions. They might forget to consider how the solution will impact people or how to respect individual’s core values while creating a solution. They can also become so focused on brainstorming and seeing every possible angle that they run short on time.

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: The problem would need to be of the non urgent variety otherwise trouble waits.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The conscientious Perfectionist will make sure they put in all the details necessary for their away messages. How long they will be gone, when they will return and the contact information for all the right people someone might need to reach in their absence is sure to be included. Receivers may even receive a picture of a holiday “Dilbert” comic or “grumpy cat” meme if the Perfectionist is feeling particularly festive.


16. Can it be the Enhancer - INTJ?

The Enhancer is the Afghan Hound

Style: One of the rarest personality types, highly logical and creatively innovative. Respond well to complex challenges that require both analytical and creative thought. They will want to know their path to career advancement from day one and respond best to clear objectives. To keep your Enhancer, let them problem solve and give them the opportunity to do so independently. Never ever nag or micro manage the Enhancer.

Leadership strength zone and why: Directing - High D and High C.

Worst working environment: An outfit that has a loud and interactive office environment where the Enhancer cannot close their door and buckle down for more than five consecutive minutes without someone bursting in to interrupt them.

As a Project Manager: Category A - Most Suitable. The ultimate planner; ruthlessly maps out how they are going to behave in future situations and gleans energy from determining the best of all possible approaches. Understands that one cannot please everyone all of the time and ploughs on regardless.

R. Kive™'s comments regarding suitability as a PM: Have to watch the interpersonal aspects but your project is in very safe hands.

Problem Solving Method: The Enhancer will search beyond the information for ideas and relevant meanings, insights and abstract connections. “What is the underlying cause or meaning of this issue?”, “What long-term implications will this problem cause?”, “What solution will have the best big-picture outcome?”. Then they use causal analysis to figure out what led to the problem at hand and what will prevent this problem from happening again. They will try to determine which facts, procedures and goals can be agreed upon. They may “talk out” their logic before they actually come to a conclusion. Once they have found a solution, they are usually very sure of it and are unlikely to be swayed unless someone has very strong, logical objections.

Problem Solving Weakness: The Enhancer can get so caught up looking for underlying meanings and complexities that they lose sight of the details and facts that are in plain sight. They can also be so focussed on maintaining objective logic that they ignore the relevant needs of the people involved (if the problem involves people).

Problem Solving - R. Kive™'s comments: Very effective; but prepare for the impersonal approach.

What the 'out of office' message will look like: The conscientious Enhancer will make sure they put in all the details necessary for their away messages. How long they will be gone, when they will return and the contact information for all the right people someone might need to reach in their absence is sure to be included. Receivers may even receive a picture of a holiday “Dilbert” comic or “grumpy cat” meme if the Enhancer is feeling particularly festive.